Form W-9 › Form W-2 Vs W-9 for Tax Year 2024
Form W-2, commonly referred to as the "Wage and Tax Statement," is a fundamental document for employees in the United States. It details an employee's annual wages and the taxes their employer withholds. This form is integral to employees' annual tax filing process, reflecting their earnings and tax contributions over the year.
In contrast, IRS Form W-9, titled "Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification," serves a different purpose. Freelancers, independent contractors, and other payees primarily utilize it. The form enables freelancers, contractors, and other payees to provide their tax identification number to entities paying them, ensuring accurate tax reporting and compliance.
While Form W-2 indicates of a traditional employer-employee relationship with associated tax withholdings, Form W-9 is used in situations where such an employment relationship does not exist. This distinction highlights the different tax reporting and withholding obligations for employees and independent contractors. The following sections will delve deeper into these differences and the specific contexts for each form.
|Used by employers to report an employee's annual wages and taxes withheld.
|Used by freelancers or independent contractors to provide their Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) to entities they work for.
|Who Files It
|Employers file and send to both the employee and the IRS.
|Completed by freelancers or independent contractors and provided to the entity paying them.
|Reflects taxes withheld from an employee's salary.
|Used to ensure accurate reporting of payments made to non-employees and to avoid backup withholding.
|Reports income and taxes already withheld.
|Does not report income; provides information to the payer for tax reporting purposes.
|Employee's income, tax withholdings, Social Security, and Medicare earnings.
|Taxpayer's legal name, address, and TIN (SSN, EIN, or ITIN).
|Employers must provide Form W-2 to employees by January 31st of each year.
|Provided by the payee to the payer as needed, often at the beginning of a work relationship.
Employees receive Form W-2 from their employers, which details their annual wages and the amount of federal, state, and other taxes withheld throughout the year.
This form is crucial for employees when filing their annual tax returns, as it provides the necessary information to report income and calculate any additional taxes owed or refunds due.
Independent contractors and freelancers use Form W-9 to provide their Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) to clients or businesses they work for.
Unlike W-2 employees, those who submit Form W-9 are typically responsible for paying their own income and self-employment taxes, as their clients do not withhold taxes.
Contractors need to keep track of their earnings throughout the year, as they will use this information to file their taxes and report income, often through a Form 1099-MISC or 1099-NEC provided by the client.
Freelancers, independent contractors, and non-employees use Form W-9 to provide clients with their Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). Form W-9 is not for employee tax reporting; Form W-2 serves that purpose.
Employers should refrain from using Form W-9 for their employees. Instead, they should use Form W-9 to gather information from non-employees like contractors. Employee information is reported annually on Form W-2.
Income reported via Form W-9 is not automatically taxed or subjected to withholding. Independent contractors are responsible for calculating and paying their taxes, including self-employment tax.
Though both forms are related to tax reporting, they serve different purposes. Form W-2 is for employers to report employee wages and taxes withheld, while Form W-9 is for payers to obtain tax information from non-employees.
In summary, IRS Form W-2 and Form W-9 serve distinct and vital roles in the U.S. tax system, catering to different categories of earners and their tax reporting requirements. Form W-2 is essential for employees, detailing their annual earnings and tax withholdings, and plays a critical role in their tax filing process. On the other hand, freelancers, independent contractors, and non-employees use Form W-9 to provide their tax information to clients, paving the way for accurate income reporting and self-managed tax responsibilities.
Understanding the differences between these forms is crucial for taxpayers, whether employees or independent contractors, to ensure accurate tax reporting and compliance. This knowledge not only aids in fulfilling legal obligations but also helps make informed financial decisions.
BoomTax and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal, or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal, or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, and accounting advisors prior to engaging in any transaction.